Courts of Common Pleas are Pennsylvania’s general trial courts. These courts are organized into judicial districts, generally following the geographic boundaries of the State’s counties. In most judicial districts, juries hear a wide range of cases.
Courts of Common Pleas: Are the primary trial courts with original jurisdiction in most serious criminal and civil cases. Jurors serve in these cases.
Superior Court of Pennsylvania: Hears most criminal and civil appeals from the Courts of Common Pleas.
Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania: Hears cases where the government is a party.
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania: Is the highest judicial authority in the State.